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Vereshchagin, Petrov-Vodkin, Picasso

A story about three great artists, whose exhibitions this year will be held in Moscow and St. Petersburg In 2018 in Moscow and St. Petersburg there will be exhibitions of three completely different artists: Vasily Vereshchagin, Pablo Picasso and Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin. They are different, but they are very similar in their genius. We tried to figure out the secret of their incredible success and what elements make up their greatness. Origin Jean Metzinger Clown au banjo Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin. Mother and child. 1927 Petrov-Vodkin: Kuzma was born in 1878 in the family of a shoemaker in the town of Khvalynsk near Saratov, and nothing foreshadowed that one day he would become a great artist. After the whole country began to talk about him with aspiration, Petrov-Vodkin remained a very simple and straightforward person, "a native of the people." Picasso: The interweaving of Spanish, Italian and French roots in the pedigree of Maitre does not explain why the parents gave him such a long name: Pablo Diego Jose Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Maria de los Remedios Cipriano Crispiniano de la Santisima Trinidad Martir Patricio Ruiz and Picasso. As a result, for the presentation, the artist chose only one part - the mother's name: Picasso. By the way, there is no right stress: you can say Picasso and Picasso. Vereshchagin: Vereshchagin was the son of a nobleman and a descendant of a fairly well-off and respectable family from Cherepovets. He, like his three brothers, was supposed to become a military - at least so the parents dreamed. However, the outstanding talent and philosophical mentality determined for him a different fate. Education Petrov-Vodkin: His path to mastery was very thorny. At first Kuzma tried to become a railwayman, but failed the entrance exam. Then I got a job as a handyman in ship repair shops. And only with the support of the architect Meltzer, who by chance happened to be passing through Khvalynsk and noticed his sketches, he entered the art school first in Petersburg, and then in Moscow. But the first drawing lessons he received not in there, but in the Khvalin icon painters - he really liked icons. Picasso: Picasso did not have to go far: he became acquainted with the fine arts in the classroom with his father, who was a drawing teacher. From the very beginning, his creative path did not raise questions: the art school, the art school of La Lonja, the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid ... Only he constantly skipped classes: he thought he could draw so perfectly. Vereshchagin: Vereshchagin honestly tried to become a military, as parents wanted, but he could not. After the end of the Naval Cadet Corps and several attempts to go to sea, he discovered a seasickness. So with the career of the military was over, and he with a clear conscience took up the case, which always lay the soul - for drawing. At first he studied at the Petersburg Academy of Arts, and later - at the artist Jérôme in Paris. Form style Petrov-Vodkin: The corporate style of Petrov-Vodkin is a fusion of symbolism, modernity and a bit of his personal, touching Russian soul. In his paintings there is a cosmic sphericity, and faces of saints in the faces of ordinary passers-by, and profound metaphors. In ordinary everyday scenes, important human principles arise: the tenderness of motherhood, the openness of childhood and respect for work. Some paintings by Petrov-Vodkin are painted in the same palette as icons: red, blue and gold. Picasso: Picasso is a genius, everyone has heard about it. True, not everyone understands why. To explain this phenomenon in two words is impossible, but we will try: he broke the pattern. His paintings were painted in a style that had never existed before, and they broadcast thoughts and feelings that no one had ever laid before the visual arts. All his stars met on his work: courage, innovation, sensuality, incredible charisma, artistic skill and, of course, a fertile social ground. All this together has given rise to a new phenomenon in world culture - Picasso's cubism. A family of comedians painting by Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso. Family of Comedians Vereshchagin: If Vereshchagin was born 100 years later, Russia would have lost a great artist, but acquired a great reportage photographer - his pictures are so realistic and accurate. Vereshchagin did not like it when he was called a battle artist, although he wrote a war all his life. For example, his famous "Apotheosis of War" he jokingly called a still-life. Travel notes, which he brought from every expedition and travel, today really draw more on reporting from the hot spots. Women Petrov-Vodkin: Petrov-Vodkin had one love for life: Mar's wife, whom he met when he was staying at the boarding-house of her mother in France. He wrote: "I found a woman on Earth ... In our sky the sun rose, we are imprisoned one in the other." Mara has always been for her husband an invisible support and the main connoisseur of his

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